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EVSO Required standards of knowledge and competence for osteopathic practice in veterinary medicine


In view of the strong development of complementary medecine in veterinary medecine and the extensive offer of therapies with a wide range of training courses, rarely approved by the various national authorities, EVSO proposes a quality standard that defines the minimal level of training of veterinarians practicing osteopathic veterinary medecine (OVM).
The different objectives of this quality standard are :
• specify the professional competence and skills indispensable for the practice of OVM ;
• provide the bases of clear communication within the veterinary profession and in relation to the scientific community ;
• promote the integration of OVM into national systems of animal health, notably in the areas of teaching and research.


  • The entire range of knowledge necessary for obtaining the diploma of veterinary doctor.

Advanced knowledge of veterinary medecine

  • Advanced knowledge of anatomy, including in particular topographical anatomy, functional anatomy, and palpatory anatomy.

  • Advanced knowledge of physiology and physio-pathology.

  • Advanced knowledge of neurology, including in particular the functioning and interaction of the central, peripheric and autonomous nervous systems.

  • Advanced knowledge of vertebral and appendicular biomechanics

Advanced knowledge of osteopathic veterinary medecine

  • Knowledge of the general history and evolution of manual medecine in a general sense.

  • Advanced knowledge of the fundamental concepts and principals of manual medecine and osteopathy

  • Advanced knowledge of the anatomical and physiological relationship between the diffferent tissues of the organism.

  • Advanced knowledge of osteopathic biomechanics including the relationship between structure and function.

  • Advanced knowledge of manual diagnostic and therapeutic techniques specific to OVM, including the principles and mechanisms of action of these techniques.


Diagnostic competences

Use of a protocol based on diagnostic techniques using the palpatory skills specific to OVM, including in particular :

  • the construction and execution of the diagnostic gesture,

  • the body position of the therapist and the patient,

  • the identification and localisation of zones of restriction of movement, using in particular micro and macro-mobility evaluation techniques.

  • Relating the palpatory diagnosis to the allopathic diagnosis through a global assessment of the animal.

Therapeutic competences

  • Use of a manual therapeutic protocol, including in particular :

    • the modalities of the construction and execution of the therapeutic act,

    • the individual positions corresponding to each type of animal,

    • the use of the entire range of manual techniques adapted to the diagnosis : including in particular structural, functional, myotensive and neuro-vascular techniques, using micro and macro-mobility

EVSO recommends that there should be a written report on each OVM that can be read by all veterinarians, whether trained in osteopathy or not.

Training requirements

For qualified veterinarians or those in the process of being trained.

Minimum training : 300 hours of theoretical training and 200 hours of practical training spread over 2 years.


The principal elements of this quality standard will serve as a basis for the establishment of systems of qualification or accredition of OVM practitioners in the different European countries. These systems will make it possible to improve the information available to animal owners and the safety of the animals treated.
EVSO undertakes to closely follow all research carried out in the field of OVM in order to keep this standard up to date with the progress of scientific knowledge and information in relation with Evidence Based Medecine.